Five dead as Bahrain police clear Pearl Square

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The protesters have been demanding democratic reform in Bahrain
© AFP James Lawler Duggan

Manama's Pearl Square had been the epicentre of the pro-democracy protests in Bahrain
© AFP Joseph Eid

MANAMA (AFP) – Bahrain’s opposition accused the kingdom’s Sunni authorities of killing three protesters in a violent raid Wednesday on a peaceful pro-democracy camp that sparked Shiite outrage across the region.

Hundreds of riot police backed by tanks and helicopters fired shotguns and tear gas canisters at demonstrators in Pearl Square in the early morning, clearing the symbolic heart of the uprising in the strategic Gulf kingdom.

“We now have three martyrs,” Khalil Marzouk, deputy head of the Al-Wefaq movement and a member of parliament, told AFP, adding that the situation was “catastrophic” with hospitals closed off and Shiite villages surrounded.

The government said two police were killed in hit-and-run attacks by opposition drivers, bringing to four the number of officers killed in this way since Tuesday.

It has not confirmed the deaths of any protesters, whom it refers to as “saboteurs.”

The violence came a day after King Hamad, supported by armed forces which have arrived in the tiny island state from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, declared a three-month state of emergency.

Police arrived in tanks and buses before moving in on the mainly Shiite Muslim demonstrators, who had been camped out in the square for a month.

Thick clouds of back smoke mixed with tear gas over the square as the protesters’ tents were set on fire. Explosions believed to be caused by cooking gas canisters also shook the area.

As helicopters hovered overhead, troops then entered the nearby financial centre to clear it of illegal roadblocks and the handfuls of protesters still remaining after clashes there on Sunday injured more than 200 people.

Shots were heard as troops escorted a bulldozer into the Financial Harbour business complex, the centre of a regional finance hub that hosts major international banks and multinational corporations.

Clutches of demonstrators could be heard chanting “Allahu akbar” (God is greatest) and some set fire to rubbish bins in the streets, but the area was largely deserted.

The protesters are demanding reform from the Sunni dynasty that has ruled the strategic archipelago — a US ally and home of the US Fifth Fleet — for more than 200 years.

Opposition chief Sheikh Ali Salman said the US-backed, Sunni Muslim regime was acting like Libyan strongman Moamer Kadhafi and using “extreme brutality” against ordinary people.

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad condemned the intervention of Saudi-led forces to prop up the Al-Khalifa royal family as “foul and doomed,” as the upheaval dragged in regional rivals and the United States.

Shiite leaders in Iraq as well as the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon also expressed outrage. Basheer al-Najafi, one of Iraq’s leading Shiite authorities, accused Bahrain of targeting peaceful villages with “gunfire and mortars.”

Two people were killed and hundreds wounded in clashes outside the capital overnight Tuesday, medical sources said.

Shiite villages around the city remained cut off by the security forces on Wednesday, and phone lines were down. A curfew was announced in central Manama from 4:00 pm to 4:00 am and protests were banned.

But a group of young activists vowed to ignore the ban and called for a fresh protest on the outskirts of Manama later Wednesday.

Around 16 people have been killed since the protests started in Pearl Square last month, as mainly Shiite activists took to the streets emboldened by revolts that toppled autocratic regimes in Tunisia and Egypt.

The unrest has sparked unease in Saudi Arabia and has put the United States in the difficult position — now familiar after the unrest sweeping the Arab world — of having to stand by a regional ally while backing democratic change.

The Pentagon authorised the departure for family members and non-emergency Defense Department staff and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged “all sides … to negotiate toward a political resolution.”

But Washington has not directly criticised the intervention of Saudi Arabia or called for the Gulf forces to withdraw.

The protesters have been demanding democratic reform in Bahrain
© AFP James Lawler Duggan

The United Nations and the European Union have called for restraint, while Britain has closed its embassy in Manama and advised against all travel to the kingdom.

Human Rights Watch deputy Middle East director Joe Stork said the state of emergency gave the security forces broad powers to subdue unrest but did not give King Hamad’s regime a “blank cheque to commit abuses.”

“The world is watching to see whether Bahrain will respect the basic rights of all its citizens,” he said in a statement.